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BBC英语一分钟: 集体名词的秘密

kira86 于2019-08-19发布 l 已有人浏览
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BBC Learning English in A Minute一分钟英语节目,今天三分28来讲讲集体名词(集合名词)的秘密。
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A secret about collective nouns

集体名词的秘密

Hi, I'm Dan from BBC Learning English and today I'm going to tell you something about collective nouns.

嗨,我是BBC英语学习的丹,今天三分28来讲讲集体名词。

Collective nouns are often called group nouns. That is because they represent a number of things together. Examples are: government, family and team.

集体名词也叫集合名词,因为它代表一个集体。例子有:政府,家庭或团队。

So, what's the big deal?

这有什么奥妙呢?

The special thing about these collective nouns is that they can be singular or plural.

这些集体名词的特别之处在于它们可以是单数也可以是复数。

If you consider your family to be a group of individuals, then the pronoun is they and the verb is plural. My family are happy.

如果把家庭看成是个体的组合,那它就是复数,谓语动词也要用复数形式。我的家人很幸福。

But your family can also be considered as a single unit, a machine that all works together. In this case, the pronoun is it and the verb is singular. My family is happy.

但家庭也可以被看成是一个独立的个体,一个由大家共同组成的机构。这种情况下,就是单数,谓语动词也要用单数形式。我的家庭很幸福。

This does not apply to all collective nouns, so be careful. Police and staff are always plural.

这个规则不适用于所有集体名词,所以使用时要小心。警察和职员通常表示复数。

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